Plants transform the sun’s energy into a chemical energy through photosynthesis. This energy “trapped” in the organic material is what is now being studied with the aim of achieving a sustainable and efficient energy source.
The increasing social commitment to the environment means that hydraulic power stations have attained great importance compared with other power generation technologies. The positive effect on regulating hydraulic basins, maintaining ecological flows and reserves for irrigation, human supply and industrial use, in addition to the speed of response to the demands of the electrical system, make this technology the perfect alternative.
The wide availability of the sun's energy and regulations that favour the development and implementation of renewable energies have led to the development of a variety of solutions for making use of solar power over the last decade.
Can a climatisation technology be both renewable and efficient? The answer is yes. The European Union considers the geothermal heat pump to be a benchmark technology with regard to renewable energy sources, due to its high yield compared to other technologies and its zero- atmospheric emissions levels.
There is a general consensus in society on the impact that carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions have on climate change and the need to considerably reduce their levels. It is estimated that since the start of the industrial revolution in around 1750, there has been a 30% increase in the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.
The Trillo Nuclear Power Station in Guadalajara, Castilla-La Mancha supplies an average of 8,000 million kWh per year to the whole of Spain. The mission of the power plant is to produce safe, reliable, cheap electricity which is environmentally friendly, and to guarantee this power production in the long term through optimal use of the installations. In this way, it helps to improve quality of life and social well-being.
At present, the transport sector is 95% dependent on oil and the effects of this almost total dependency on fossil fuel are twofold: it leads to an unfavourable energy balance in countries with few or no oil resources, and polluting emissions which are hard to control, above all, CO2, the main cause of climate change. There are a number of initiatives for lessening both of these effects, both within the field of energy efficiency, with improvements to combustion engine consumption, and the introduction of renewable energy through the use of biofuels.
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